Machinery and Tools

From the 16th century onwards, small workplaces with their equipment used to be featured in the paintings in the Netherlands. One good example depicts alchemists working in research laboratories. During this period, scenes of everyday life were a common art theme. Then, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, numerous paintings showing workshops of professionals such as curling stone makers,...
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Medicine

Medicine, among the earliest forms of science, has contributed a very significant part in human life. It was established through the use of herbal products and guesswork. Back then, the use of sharp practices and charlatanism was allowed until the 18th century where it began to be informed through scientific procedures and analyses. In the following century, imitations of such practices could be...
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Aircraft

Though there were tales of almost successful flying efforts from Icarus and Daedalus using unnatural wings to elude imprisonment in the myths, the first real successful flight attempt occurred in the late 18th century by a hot air balloon. Painting was used to document some of these extraordinary initial flights and also in the mid-nineteenth century. In the 20th century, aircrafts played a...
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